GEOFF TOMPKINSON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEOFF TOMPKINSON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Ultrasound breast scanning. Woman has her breast scanned by ultrasound, after clini- cal symptoms of a breast abnormality were found. A portable transducer is moved over the breast, while an image of breast tissue can be seen on the monitor. Ultrasound employs high-frequency sound waves which gives a two-dimensional image of a scanned tissue "slice". In breast scanning it is used to distinguish between solid lumps and fluid- filled cysts. It is a technique usually used once a mammogram (X-ray) of the breast has revealed an abnormality. During the ultrasound scanning, a biopsy needle may then be directed into the cyst to obtain a tissue sample for testing.
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