PETER MENZEL / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY PETER MENZEL / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Robot surgery. Da Vinci the robot surgeon performs minimally invasive surgery (MIS) on a patient's heart. The surgical tools are on the ends of the robot arms. These are controlled remotely by a surgeon who views a live three-dimensional image of the operation site from an endoscope on one of the robot arms. MIS excludes the large open incisions associated with classical surgery, reducing pain, convalescence period and the risk of infection. The da Vinci system allows precise control of surgical tools through incisions just 1cm wide, with greater control than manual MIS procedures. Da Vinci was designed by Intuitive Surgical Incorporated, based in California, USA.
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