MICHAEL ENGLISH / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY MICHAEL ENGLISH / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Breast reconstruction surgery. This is the transverse rectus abdominus myocutaneous (TRAM) flap method. The surgeon has made a flap of skin and muscle, which will be used to reconstruct the missing breast, from the abdomen. The flap will be moved under the skin of the lower chest, leaving the muscle still attached at the abdomen to preserve its blood supply and nerve connections. This is considered the best method of breast reconstruction. It uses the patient's own tissue, so there is no chance of rejection. It produces a natural-seeming breast, and the operation makes the abdomen slimmer. Complications include abdominal hernias.
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