M. MARSHALL / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY M. MARSHALL / CUSTOM MEDICAL STOCK PHOTO / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mammogram X-ray of a silicone breast implant, used for cosmetic surgery to alter the size and shape of the female breast. The implant is the rounded white structure at centre; it has been implanted beneath the glandular tissue of the breast (sub- glandular implant). Curved bones of the rib cage can be seen at left. Synthetic silicone is widely used as implants in cosmetic surgery because they are resistant to body fluids, permeable to oxygen, and are not rejected by the body. Apart from their use to increase breast size (augmentation mammo- plasty), a silicone implant can restore breast shape after breast tissue removal for cancer.
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