CONSTANTINO MARGIOTTA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY CONSTANTINO MARGIOTTA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Caesarean section. Surgeon holding a baby upside down above its mother's abdomen after pulling it out of her uterus. The baby is still attached to the placenta by the umbilical cord (grey and white). Caesarean sections are usually performed when it is impossible or dangerous to deliver the baby vaginally. The baby is delivered through an incision in the walls of the abdomen, uterus and amniotic sac. The mother may be given a general anaesthetic or a local anaesthetic (epidural) that numbs the pain but allows her to remain conscious during the birth.
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