GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Heart attack or stroke. Medieval artwork of a man collapsing during a heart attack or stroke. His servants are rushing to help him but have no medical equipment other than a jug of wine. Heart attacks and strokes are caused by clogging in the arteries (arteriosclerosis) leading to the heart and brain respectively. Clogging of arteries is promoted by high-cholesterol diet. Medieval nobility, following Galen's advice, ate large quantities of meat and eggs whilst minimising their intake of fresh vegetables. Image of Count Gaston de Foix after a bear hunt in the forests of Sauveterre, Navarre, Spain, in 1391. Photographed from an 1844 book.
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