US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY US NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
English artist William Hogarth (1697-1764), depicting mentally disturbed patients on a ward at the Bethlehem Hospital, London. The original engraving was published in 1735 & comprised plate 8 in the series "The Rake's Progress". Dissolution of character & destructive self-indulgence have resulted in the Rake (semi-naked, bottom left) to be admitted to the lunatic asylum. Ignored by the other inmates, he is comforted by a kind-hearted woman whilst the attendants fit him with leg- irons. His incarceration is serenaded by a demonic violin-player, who wears a manuscript on his head.
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