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Three ligatures used by the french surgeon Ambroise Pare (1510-1590) for extension work during the treatment of dislocations or luxations. A is for holding the patient; B is for drawing or extension, having one knot, and C has two knots; to hold or binde more straitly. Ligature is the tying off of a vessel thus preventing bleeding. Contempory surgeons used to cauterise the arteries (burn with a hot iron without anaesthetic). Pare is also remembered for his discovery that dressing a wound had more effect than disinfecting it with boiling oil. This picture comes from his book "Of Dislocations or Luxations".
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