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Inguinal hernia surgery. Image 2 of 2. Historical artwork of the last two stages in the Bassani technique, an operation to treat inguinal hernias, where the intestines protrude into the inguinal canal. In the third stage (top) the spermatic cord (red) is held to one side while the internal muscles (red) are sutured to Poupart's ligament (white cord). This repairs the abdominal wall weakness, holding the intestines in place. In the fourth stage (bottom), the membranes (white) covering the surface muscles are sewn back together again, leaving a hole for the spermatic cord to exit to the testicles. Artwork from Atlas and Epitome of Operative Surgery (1898, Otto Zuckerkandl). For a sequence of images showing the four stages of the operation, see images N700/098 and N700/099.
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