DR JEREMY BURGESS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY. DR JEREMY BURGESS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY.
Engraving of a selection of artificial hands & arms devised & drawn by the French surgeon Ambroise Pare (1510-1590). Pare attached himself to the army as a barber-surgeon. He rose through the ranks until he was surgeon to a succession of four French kings, Henry 11 & his three sons. His greatest contribution to surgery was ending the practice of disinfecting gunshot wounds with boiling oil. Instead he practiced cleanliness & used ointments for the wounds. Pare adhered to the principle of interfering as little as possible with nature. He summarised the works of Vesalius & published them in French.
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