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Mud baths. Women taking mud baths in the 18th century, watched by James Graham (died 1794), a Scottish medical fraudster. Bathing in mineral water and mud became a popular medical treatment during the 18th and 19th centuries in Europe and America. It was prescribed for many types of ailments, though the rich and famous also used bathing houses as social centres. Graham's "earth- bathing" was one of a number of medical frauds that he carried out in London. He claimed that bathers could prolong their physical beauty by bathing at his establishment. After a brief period of popularity, Graham returned to Scotland where he died insane.
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