GJLP / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GJLP / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Normal knee. Coloured X-ray of the human knee seen from the side while bent. Four bones meet at the knee, two of which form a joint that works like a hinge. The large bone at the top is the femur, or thigh bone (pink). Below this are the tibia, or shin bone, and its smaller neighbour the fibula (left). At centre right is the patella, or kneecap (blue). The rounded bottom surface of the femur forms a narrow ridge that moves through a groove in the top of the tibia. This arrangement allows to and fro movement only, although slight rotation can occur when the knee is bent.
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