FRIEDRICH SAURER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY FRIEDRICH SAURER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Upper body bones, computer artwork. The skull (top) consists of the cranium, which encloses the brain and the jaw (mandible). The spine, which consists of blocks of bone (vertebrae) separated by spongy intervertebral discs, runs from the skull to the pelvis (bottom. The ribcage (centre) is made up of twelve pairs of curved bones that attach to the spine at the back and the sternum at the front. In front of the ribcage at top are the collar bones (clavicles). Behind the ribcage at top are the shoulder blades (scapulas). The clavicles and scapulas articulate with the upper arm bones (humerus) to form the shoulders. These in turn articulate with the lower arm bones, the ulna and radius, at the elbow.
Model release not required. Property release not required.