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Human chromosomes. Coloured Scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) of several human chromosomes beside a cell nucleus (green). Chromosomes are thread-like structures occurring in the nucleus of every cell, and appear in this shape during cell division at metaphase. Chromosomes carry a person's genetic information in the form of genes. Each chromosome consists of two strands (chromat- ids) joined in a region known as the centromere or kinetochore. Chromosomes make exact copies of themselves while the cell is resting between cell divisions. When a chromosome divides, the centromere splits longitudinally. Magnification: x1,500 at 6x7cm size.
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