DAVID NUNUK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DAVID NUNUK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Easter Island statues. Full Moon over moai statues on Easter Island (Rapa Nui) in the South Pacific. These megalithic statues were carved from volcanic rock by the islanders from 400-1500 AD. Around 1000 statues were carved, with about 100 of these re-erected by archaeologists. Many remain buried in the soil formed by centuries of erosion. The statues range between 3 and 12 metres in height and weigh up to 85 tonnes. Carving and erection ceased with the total deforestation of the island, partly to provide rollers and levers to erect the statues. This led to soil erosion, starvation, civil war and the collapse of the island's culture.
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