SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Luna 2 spacecraft. This unmanned Soviet spacecraft was launched on 12 September 1959. On 13 September 1959 it became the first spacecraft to impact the Moon. The impact was deliberate, and delivered a pennant to the Moon's surface. The mission carried scientific instruments that confirmed that there are no radiation belts around the Moon, and that the Moon does not have a magnetic field. The spacecraft weighed 387 kilograms.
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