SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Model of the Luna 10 spacecraft. This Soviet unmanned spacecraft was launched on 31 March 1966. It was the first spacecraft to orbit another astronomical body, entering orbit around the Moon on 3 April 1966. It orbited the Moon 460 times before its batteries failed and transmissions ceased on 30 May 1966. The spacecraft carried instruments used to study the Moon, transmitting data back to Earth on the Moon's magnetic field, and the composition of its rocks.
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