JULIAN BAUM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JULIAN BAUM / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Surface of Venus. Computer artwork of the surface of the planet Venus. Venus is the second planet out from the Sun, but it is without a doubt the hottest. A "runaway greenhouse effect" traps most of the energy from the Sun, and temperatures on Venus are around 460 degrees celsius. The clouds which cover the entire planet are made up of sulphuric acid particles, and the atmospheric pressure is almost 100 times that on Earth. The surface is geologically active with several large volcanoes. These produce more greenhouse gases, which further contribute to the hot environment.
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