NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Syncom 2 satellite, the first geosynchronous satellite, in orbit around the Earth (left) in 1964. Syncom 2 was launched aboard a Delta B rocket from Cape Canaveral (now Kennedy Space Centre), Florida, USA, on 26 July 1963. It was placed over the Atlantic Ocean and Brazil at a longitude of 55 degrees. Syncom 2 had a diameter of 71 centimetres, a height of 39 centimetres and weight 39 kilograms. Its exterior was covered in solar cells that provided the craft with power. It was an experimental communications satellite and carried out tests of voice, teletype, facsimile and data transmissions.
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