SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Early Soviet rocket research, 1933. This is the first Soviet mixed-fuel rocket launch. The rocket, GIRD 09, was launched on 17 August 1933, in the Nakhabino forests, near Moscow, Russia. The rocket was launched by members of the Moscow Group for Reactive Motion (GIRD), led by Sergei Korolev (lower right, 1907-1966). It was powered by a gasoline and oxygen mixture, reaching a height of 400 metres and landing 150 metres from the launch site. After the Second World War, Korolev worked to develop rockets for space exploration and military use. He designed the spacecraft that carried the first man into space.
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