NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NASA / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Apollo 12 launch rocket. First stage (S-1C) of the Saturn V rocket used to launch the Apollo 12 mission, the second manned mission to land on the Moon. The five engines of the first stage of a Saturn V rocket burn a mixture of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen to produce 3.5 million kilogrammes of thrust. In the 2.5 minutes that it burns, the first stage lifts the Apollo spacecraft to an altitude of about 60 kilometres. The first stage then separates from the rest of the rocket, and two further booster stages are used to complete the journey to the Moon. The astronauts aboard the Apollo 12 mission (14-24 November 1969) were Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon and Alan Bean.
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