DAVID DUCROS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DAVID DUCROS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Mars 96 penetrators. Artist's impression of two penetrator craft entering the Martian atmosphere as part of the Russian Mars 96 mission. The 100 kilogramme craft have 6-metre-long spikes that penetrate the ground upon landing. The penetrators will monitor the chemical composition and physical properties of the ground a few metres beneath the surface where the material will be relatively unmixed. They will also measure seismic activity, the local magnetic field and temperature changes beneath the surface. The penetrators will be launched in November 1996 and arrive at Mars about 300 days later. They will be detached about 25 days after the spacecraft has entered orbit.
Model release not required. Property release not required.