SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Soyuz 11 crew before launch. Soviet cosmonauts (left to right) Georgy Dobrovolsky, Viktor Patsayev and Vladislav Volkov at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, before their flight into orbit in the Soyuz 11 spacecraft. Dobrovolsky was the spacecraft commander, Patsayev was the test engineer and Volkov was the flight engineer. Soyuz 11 went disastrously wrong. The crew spent 23 days onboard Salyut 1 space station. On re-entry there was a leak in the descent module. When it landed the crew were found asphyxiated due to the loss of gas from their atmosphere. Following this, Soyuz crews were reduced to two so that there was room for them to wear space suits on take-off and landing. Photographed on 23 June 1971.
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