CHRIS KNAPTON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY CHRIS KNAPTON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Fibre optics. View of the connecting ends of two optical fibres which are conducting light. Optical fibres are made from flexible glass that has a high refractive index. Each fibre is then coated with an outer protective layer that has a low refractive index. The light beams that emerge from the end of each fibre (seen as a white dot on the guide at lower right) have been completely internally reflected. The light may thus travel along the entire cable with little or no absorption. Bundles of optical fibres may be used to carry images, or high volumes of data such as telephone conversations.
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