JAMES KING-HOLMES / FTSS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JAMES KING-HOLMES / FTSS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Crash test dummies. Two generations of child crash test dummy: Pinocchio (at left) from the mid 1960s, and a modern Q6 dummy. Pinocchio, who was designed for sled impact tests, is made from wood, with steel joints and a leather-covered body. Q6, a dummy of a 6-year-old child, was built to test safety in both side and front vehicle impacts. Its numerous sensors measure the forces it experiences during an impact. Pinocchio has a strain gauge in his head to measure impact forces, and realistic joint movements. He was designed by Dr Freek Bastiaanse at TNO, the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research, in Delft.
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