LIBRARY OF CONGRESS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LIBRARY OF CONGRESS / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Whaling ship, Norway, late 19th century artwork. The ship, powered by both steam and sail, has a dead whale tied up alongside. This ship is the Nancy Grey, and is off the coast at Skaaro. New technologies, such as steam power, and new weapons allowed increased hunting of whales in the late 19th century. The whales were hunted for their oil and blubber (fat layer), which was used to make soaps, cosmetics and other commercial products. The hunting reached a peak in the early 20th century, with up to 40,000 whales killed per year. The Nancy Grey, sister ship to the Duncan Grey, belonged to the wealthy whaler Johannes Gjaver. The crew of these steam ships used explosive harpoons to kill the whales they hunted.
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