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Factories. Engraving of aerial views of four textile factories during the 19th century Industrial Revolution. The factories manufactured sewing machines and were owned by this device's inventor, Isaac Singer. The factories (clockwise from top left) were located in: Govan, near Glasgow, Britain; Glasgow, Britain; South Bend in Indiana, USA; Port Elizabeth, USA. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain during the late 18th century, spread to Europe and the USA during the 19th century and the rest of the World during the 20th century. It was marked by a shift from small-scale to large-scale production and made international companies possible.
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