SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Soviet harvesting and slogans. Workers harvesting hay on the Lenin collective farm in Zhazhkovo District, in the Ukraine, on 18 August 1933. A lorry with communist slogans is at right. Between 1928 and 1933, the Soviet Union followed a policy known as collectivization. This was intended to consolidate land and labour into collective farms. Instead of being paid wages, the labourers were given a share of the farm's products after the state had taken its portion. In the Ukraine, Stalin imposed collectivization and this resulted in a reduction in output and disastrous famines in 1932 and 1933 that killed millions. Agriculture did not recover to pre-collectivization levels until the 1940s.
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