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Balloon flight. Engraving of the Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon beginning the first-ever manned flight at the Bois de Boulogne in Paris, France on 21 November 1783. The balloon was built by the French brothers Joseph (1740-1810) and Etienne (1745-1799) Montgolfier. It was made of paper-covered cloth and was lifted by hot air from an on-board stove burning wool and straw. The balloon was piloted by Jean Pilatre de Rozier (1756-85) and the Marquis d'Arlandes (1746-1809). The flight lasted about 25 minutes and ended 9 km away near the city centre. De Rozier became aviation's first victim when a balloon he was piloting caught fire and crashed on 15 June 1785.
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