GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY GEORGE BERNARD / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Bayeux Tapestry Scene. Norman invasion fleet in the year 1066 AD. Photographed from an 1821 book. The Bayeux Tapestry measures 70m long by 49.5cm high and shows scenes from the conquest of England by the Normans. It is actually an embroidery (of wool on linen), probably made in England during 1073-1083AD. The Normans had similar boats to their ancestors, the Vikings. They had a hull built of overlapping planks (clinker or lapstrake hull). The single sail meant that boats could not tack into the wind. The boat's direction was changed using a steerboard placed on the right hand side of a boat; from this we get the word 'starboard', which describes this side of a ship.
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