SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Franklin's lost Arctic expedition. HMS Erebus and HMS Terror in the Arctic. These two British naval ships made up Sir John Franklin's 1845 expedition to find the Northwest Passage, a sea-route between Canada and the Arctic that links the Atlantic to the Pacific. The ships were steel-fronted to help them push through ice. They were sailing vessels, but also equipped with a small steam engine and a propeller. The remains of the Erebus and records of the expedition were found in 1859. After being trapped in sea ice for 3 years, the remnant of the crew of 135 had abandoned ship to travel south. There were no survivors. Artwork from 'Pictorial Chronicles of the Mighty Deep' (1880).
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