SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SHEILA TERRY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Durer's Celestial Globe, 1515. This shows the southern hemisphere, and was prepared in conjunction with the astronomer Stabius. Albrecht Durer (1471-1528) produced the first printed star charts in 1515. One chart, or planisphere, showed all the northern constellations; the other depicted the southern hemisphere. The positions of the stars were exactly fixed (according to Ptolemey's catalogue) and the figures were artistically portrayed, in a classical style. Durer also chose to illustrate the constellations that would appear on a globe as if seen from space. Durer's star charts also differed from those of previous ones because of their accuracy. Previous charts, such as those by his predecessor Honter, were up to 30 degrees out of alignment. Taken from Dr Willi Kurth's The Complete Woodcuts of Albrecht Durer (1936).
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