ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
The Sun in Roman mythology. Sun (left) represented as a mythological character riding a horse-drawn chariot across the sky. In Roman mythology, the Sun was represented by Apollo, the god of light, shown here wearing a shining crown and sitting on a glowing chariot. The symbol on the chariot's wheel is the zodiacal sign of Leo, for which the Sun is the ruling planet. The artwork is from a 1488 edition of a Latin star atlas called Poeticon Astronomicon. Thought to be by a "Hyginus", possibly from the first century BC, this star atlas was republished several times in the medieval period, with woodcut engravings of the stars and constellations.
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