ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Moon, 15th century artwork. Engraving of the Moon on a chariot. The Moon (for which the Latin word is Luna) was represented by Diana, the hunter goddess in Roman times, so she is shown here as holding a bow and arrow. The conjunction (alignment) of the Moon with other planets and star constellations in the sky is considered to be significant in astrology, the ancient belief that the celestial bodies influence human lives. The symbol on the chariot's wheel is the zodiac sign Cancer, for which the Moon is the ruling planet. This artwork is from Poeticon Astronomicon (Poetic Astronomy), a star atlas by Hyginus that was published in 1482.
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