SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Majdanek death camp. Men holding canisters of the poison gas Zyklon-B at the Majdanek death camp in Poland on 30 July 1944. During the Second World War (1939-1945), Hitler's Nazi Germany established several death camps in Poland, using poison gas and other methods to kill millions of Jews and other prisoners. It is thought 360,000 died at Majdanek. The camp was liberated by Soviet troops on 23 July 1944, but most of the remaining prisoners had been moved west. The Soviet troops made a documentary film about the camp soon after liberation. As well as the poison gas canisters, large piles of human bones, and hundreds of thousands of shoes were discovered.
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