DR MORLEY READ / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR MORLEY READ / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Male three horned chameleon, Chamaeleo jacksonii, or Jackson's chameleon, from the highlands of eastern Africa. Chameleons have several anatomical peculiarities in addition to their well-known ability to change colour. The eyes can be moved independently, and are covered by a cone-shaped scaly lid. The tongue has a sticky, clublike tip & can be shot out to a length equal to that of the body, enabling the chameleon to capture prey (stick insects & grasshoppers) at a large distance. The toes of each foot are fused into two opposed groups and the tail is prehensile, both adaptions for arboreal life. Jackson's chameleon is also ovoviviparous, giving birth to live young.
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