DICCON ALEXANDER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DICCON ALEXANDER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Socotra chameleon (Chamaeleo monachus) walking along a tree branch. This reptile is endemic to the Socotran archipelago of islands, meaning that it is found nowhere else. Chameleons are able to change the colour of their skin to match that of their surroundings, thereby becoming camouflaged. Socotra is located in the Indian Ocean, at the mouth of the Gulf of Aden, 340 kilometres (km) from mainland Yemen and 250km from the coast of Somalia. Its isolation has led to the evolution of a unique flora and fauna.
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