LOUISE MURRAY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY LOUISE MURRAY / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). The chimpanzee inhabits forests and forest edges of central and western Africa. It is social, living in large communities that may contain dozens of individuals arranged in loose family groups. The chimp is highly communicative, using a wide range of facial expressions, vocalisations and gestures. It feeds on a variety of foods, including both plants and animals. It often hunts in large, well-organised hunting parties, catching monkeys, wild pigs and antelopes. It is thought that humans and chimps had a common ancestor as little as 5 million years ago. It is threatened with extinction due largely to habitat destruction. Photographed in Kenya.
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