JOHN READER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY JOHN READER / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
African elephant (Loxodonta africana) with vegetation in its mouth. An African elephant needs to eat around 120 kilograms of food each day. The African elephant is a social herbivore which inhabits the savannah and forests of sub-Saharan Africa. Groups are ruled by an elderly matriarch. The elephant communicates using a wide variety of low frequency sounds which can travel great distances through its environment. It is the largest land animal, reaching up to 7000 kilograms in weight in the adult male.
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