DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY DR P. MARAZZI / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Robot-assisted kidney removal surgery. Internal camera view of surgical tools being used to place a clip (white, left) to clamp the ureter at the ureter-bladder cuff during robot-assisted surgery to remove a cancerous kidney. The tools are inserted into the patient's body through small incisions in the abdomen. This minimally invasive surgery is less traumatic than opening up the abdomen. Robotic assistance is used for precision parts of the operation that involve clamping and dissecting the renal artery and vein, and the ureter. When, as here, the kidney's ureter is removed as well, the operation is called a nephroureterectomy.
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