NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Avicenna (980-1037). Artwork depicting the Islamic Persian physician and philosopher Avicenna (upper left) in various situations. Avicenna is a Latinised form of his full Arabic name Abu-Ali Al-Husain Ibn Abdullah Ibn Sina. Avicenna, who based much of his work on earlier Greek and Roman writers, wrote medical treatises such as 'The Canon' and 'The Book of Healing'. His books were translated into Latin in the 12th century and were the basis of medicine in Europe until the 17th century. Avicenna also wrote on astronomy and alchemy.
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