KENNIS AND KENNIS / MSF / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY KENNIS AND KENNIS / MSF / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Miguelon reconstruction. Artwork of a reconstruction (right) based on a Homo heidelbergensis fossil skull (left). This reconstruction is based on Cranium 5, excavated in 1992 from the Sima de los Huesos pit in the Atapuerca mountains of Spain. This fossil dates from around 400,000 years ago. Dubbed Miguelon, this individual had a severe bone infection caused by broken teeth, causing major deformation of his face. Homo heidelbergensis is an extinct species that forms a relatively recent part of the human evolutionary tree. It may have been an ancestor of both Neanderthals and modern humans. There is debate over whether the fossils should be attributed to H. heidelbergensis or H. neanderthalensis, as some anatomical features are transitional between the two species.
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