KENNIS AND KENNIS / MSF / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY KENNIS AND KENNIS / MSF / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Neanderthal (left) and Homo sapiens (right) females, artwork. Neanderthals were shorter and more heavily built than modern humans, who are taller and slenderer. Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) first appeared in Europe around 600,000 years ago, and co-existed with modern humans, who emerged around 200,000 years ago. It is thought that Neanderthals and modern humans interbred, and by around 30,000 years ago no Neanderthal traits remained.
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