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Creation of a Higgs boson. At the Large Hadron Collider, a particle accelerator at CERN, protons (pink) are smashed into each other at extremely high energies. Each proton comprises three quarks, two up and one down, each of a different colour charge (red, green and blue), and bound together by gluons. A collision between two gluons is the most likely way to produce a Higgs boson in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The collision produces virtual quarks along with the Higgs boson, which rapidly decays (most commonly into a bottom-antibottom quark pair). The Higgs boson is the quantum of the all-pervading Higgs field, which breaks the symmetry of the electroweak interaction, giving mass to W and Z bosons, and some other particles. Detection of the Higgs boson, and thus the field, would be an important confirmation of the Standard Model of particle physics. On 14th March 2013, CERN announced that studies of data from a new particle detected in 2012 indicated that it was a Higgs boson.
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