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Thames Tunnel. This was the world's first underwater tunnel for public use. The design was by Marc Isambard Brunel and his son Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Construction began in 1825 and the tunnel opened in 1843. It passed under the River Thames, linking the London suburbs of Wapping and Rotherhithe. The tunnel was 406 metres (1506 feet) long and in parts only 4 metres below the river bed. It was originally used by pedestrians (as shown here) and to house shops. From 1865 the tunnel was used by trains and now forms part of the London Underground system. Artwork published between 1830 and 1880.
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