NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM, LONDON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY NATURAL HISTORY MUSEUM, LONDON / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Australopithecus afarensis, artwork. This hominin lived between 3.9 and 2.9 million years ago. Fossil specimens have only be found in eastern Africa. It is thought that A. afarensis may have given rise to several lineages of early human. Compared to the modern human skull A. afarensis had a forward protruding (prognathic) face and held a smaller brain. They walked upright, although they retained the ability to climb trees.
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