SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Soviet surgeon Petrovsky and patient. Soviet surgeon Boris Vasiljevich Petrovsky (1908-2004, left) was a general surgeon who specialised in cardiovascular, transplant and oesophageal surgery. In 1965, he performed the first kidney transplant in the Soviet Union. That same year, he was appointed minister of health for the Soviet Union, serving in this role until 1980. He was a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, and was recognised with honorary fellowships of many national surgical organisations. He was also awarded the Lenin Prize. Photographed in 1962, in Moscow, Russia.
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