SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989), Soviet physicist. Sakharov studied nuclear fusion as a postgraduate under Nobel laureate Igor Tamm in Moscow, Russia. He continued to work with Tamm in developing the first Soviet hydrogen bomb, successfully tested in August 1953. However, his concerns with the safety of nuclear tests led him to campaign for a nuclear test-ban and improved civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. In 1980, he was sent into internal exile, not to be released until 1986. Photographed in 1972, at his dacha (holiday home) in Zhukovka, Russia.
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