SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPUTNIK / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Andrei Sakharov (1921-1989), Soviet physicist, with his second wife Yelena Bonner (1923-2011), in Moscow, Russia. Sakharov had worked on the first Soviet hydrogen bomb (1953), but then campaigned for a nuclear test-ban and improved civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. From 1980 to 1986 he was held in internal exile. Sakharov and Bonner married in 1972. This photograph dates from May 1989, a few months after Sakharov had been elected to the new Soviet parliament, the All-Union Congress of People's Deputies. He died of a heart attack in December 1989.
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