SPRINGER MEDIZIN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY SPRINGER MEDIZIN / SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY
Foot anatomy. Computer artwork of a side view of the outside of the foot showing muscles (pink), ligaments and tendons (white) and bone (cream). At upper left is the tibia (shin bone). To its left are the soleus and gastrocnemius calf muscles. Attached to the gastrocnemius muscle and the calcaneus (heel) bone is the Achilles tendon. Tendons and ligaments are bands of inelastic fibrous tissue. Tendons connect bones to muscle, while ligaments connect bones to other bones. The toes consist of phalanges bones, two for the big toe and three for the others. The phalanges are joined to the metatarsal bones, which are in the mid-foot. The foot tendons, which run from the muscles at the front of the leg to the tip of the toes, extend and flex the toes.
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